SinhalaSriLankaTamil-SriLanka

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Procedure in Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka has given high priority to economic development to raise the standard of living of its citizens. Development projects funded by both local and foreign capital play a major role in the economic development process. The share of private sector based development projects has been increasing rapidly in recent decades.

Most of the resources needed for development in Sri Lanka come from its environment. Thus it is imperative that environmental resources are conserved and enhanced to sustain development.

The National Environment Act introduced an internationally accepted process called Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) as part of the strategy to achieve sustainable development.

EIA is a simple and straightforward process of first predicting the potential impacts of development activities on the natural and social environment, and then suggesting measures to prevent or minimize negative impacts and to enhance positive impacts

The legal framework for the EIA process in Sri Lanka has been laid down in the National Environmental Act (NEA) in 1988. The EIA process under the NEA is summarized below;

  1. EIA process is mandated only for large scale development projects or projects which are located in environmental sensitive areas. The types of projects which require EIA have been prescribed in the Gazette (Gazette No. 772/22 of 24.06.1993).

  2. EIA process is implemented through designated “Project Approving Agencies (PAA)” led by the Central Environmental Authority (CEA). The PAAs are EIA administrative agencies that are responsible for guiding the EIA for projects and for issuing EIA approval or rejection. A single PAA is appointed as the appropriate PAA for each EIA by the CEA.

  3. Any prescribed project submitted for approval requires to submit either an Initial Environmental Examination (IEE) report or Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) report. The prescribed projects which do not have complex environmental issues require an IEE report while the projects which involve complex environmental issues require an EIA report.

  4. The EIA reports are required to be open for public inspection and comment for a mandatory period of 30 days.

  5. The project proponent needs to submit some preliminary information about the project to the CEA, in order to initiate the EIA / IEE process. The project proponents are advised to submit preliminary information to the CEA at a very early stage in the project cycle. The project proponent could submit the preliminary information through a Basic Information Questionnaire which could be obtained from the CEA Head Office or Provincial / District Offices or downloaded from the CEA website.

  6. EIA / IEE process involves 6 major steps; (i) screening (ii) scoping (iii) preparation of the EIA / IEE report (iv) review of the report (by the public and the PAA) (v) approval with terms and conditions or rejection with reasons (vi) post approval monitoring. The step wise process has been defined in the EIA regulations which have been published in the Gazette No. 772/22 of 24.06.1993

  7. EIA / IEE process involves 6 major steps;

      Steps Time allowed for the PAA
    1 Screening (Determining whether an EIA / IEE is required for a project) 6 days
    2 Scoping (Determining the scope of the EIA / IEE study and issuing of Terms of Reference) 14 days for IEE and 30 days for EIA
    3 Preparation of the EIA / IEE report No time limit has been given since the project proponent is responsible for this.
    4

    Review of the EIA / IEE report
    The review involves both public and technical review

     
      (a) Public review (applicable only for EIAs) The project proponent needs to respond to the public comments received. 30 working days
      (b) Technical review 21 days for IEE and 30 days for EIA.
    5 EIA / IEE Decision
    Granting approval with terms and conditions or rejection with reasons.
     
    6 Post approval monitoring  

 

  1. The PAA is responsible for implementation of each step of the process except preparation of EIA / IEE reports. The project proponent or consultants hired by the project proponent is responsible for preparation of the EIA / IEE report.

  2. The time allowed for the PAA for each step has been stipulated in the Gazette (as described above) provided that the information submitted by the project proponent is sufficient to proceed. There is no time limit given for preparation of the EIA / IEE report by the project proponent.

  3. EIA regulations under the NEA are applicable only for projects which are located outside the coastal zone. The EIA process for projects located within the coastal zone is handled by the Coast Conservation Department.

Environmental Recommendation (ER)

Environmental Recommendation is a document issued by the Central Environmental Authority with conditions to control & manage the environmental issues before the establishment of an activity which the investors have to abide by.

  • Which activity needs an Environmental Recommendation ?

Any activity which does not come under the EIA or IEE procedure and possibility of discharging effluents, wastes, emission of smoke/gases/fumes /vapour or excessive noise/vibration into the environment.

  • From where an Environmental Recommendation could be obtained ?

From the Provincial and District Offices of the Central Environmental Authority or from the Board of Investment of Sri Lanka (BOI), for activities registered under section 17 of the BOI Act No 4 of 1978.

  • How to apply for an Environmental Recommendation?

Applications could be downloaded from CEA web site www.cea.lk , Head Office or any other Regional Offices.

  • How long it will take to obtain an Environmental Recommendation ?

30 days minimum

  • Documents to be submitted with the application
  1. Survey Plan

  2. For state lands consent letter from the relevant Authority ( Forest Department, Divisional Secretary, Dept. Wild Life, Mahaweli Authority, CCD , UDA etc.)

  3. Road map showing the main landmarks from the nearest town for the easy access to the industry/activity.

  • What will be the validity period ?

The Environmental Recommendation is valid for one year from the date of issue.

  • Inspection fees

Based on the details furnished by the investor:

  1. Minimum amount of inspection fee is Rs. 3000/= + applicable Govt taxes.

  2. Maximum amount of the inspection is Rs.10,000/= + applicable Govt taxes.

 Environmental Protection Licence (EPL)

All the activities which are published in the Gazette Notification No.1533/16 dated 25.01.2008 as prescribed activities have to obtain an Environmental Protection Licence.

If you have already obtained an Environmental Recommendation it is a pre requisite to obtain an EPL.

  1. EPL application forms could be obtained free of charge from the CEA, from the website www.cea.lk or from Local Authorities.

  2. If your activity comes under Part ‘A’ or ‘B’ submit your application to Provincial or District offices of the Central Environmental Authority.

  3. If your activity comes under Part ‘C’ submit your application to respective local authority ( Municipal Council / Urban Council / Pradeshiya Sabha )

Requirements to be fulfilled to obtain an EPL

The applicant shall take necessary actions to maintain quality of the environment to conform to the standards and criteria stipulated by the regulations (link to web) of the National Environmental Act (NEA).

EPL fee and validity period

  • Part “A” - validity period 01 year - EPL fee is Rs.7500.00 + applicable govt. taxes.

  • Part “B”- validity period 03 years - EPL fee is Rs.6000.00 +applicable govt. taxes.

  • Part “C”- validity period 03 years - EPL fee is Rs.4000.00 +applicable govt. taxes.

Last Updated on Thursday, 14 November 2013 04:38

infoactEng

katupol11

 polythene copy copy

neweco

manu

ngoenglish

ReEBwaste

 weerawila

Latest News & Events

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7
  • 8
  • 9
  • 10
  • 11
  • 12
  • 13
Pansalathenna – Maussawa Declared as an Environmental Protection Area The Central Environmental Authority has taken steps to... Read more
Green Sand Ferry Competition Under the supervision of the Ministry of Mahaweli... Read more
Workshop for the media personnel Under the direction of Mr. Chandrarathne Pallegama,... Read more
Cookery Demonstration for CEA Officers Under the guidance of the senior management of the CEA,... Read more
Annual Cricket Tournament for CEA Offices With the objective of developing of interpersonal... Read more
Polythene Control Program in Nallur Festival Season During the Nallur festive season, which was started from... Read more
District Environment Conference In Mannar District With the concept of the “Blue Green Era” (Neela Haritha... Read more
Special Awareness Porgram for Students of Jaffna University The Environment Education and Awareness Division of the... Read more
Presidential Environmental Awards – 2018 The ceremony “Presidential Environmental Awards – 2018”... Read more
Workshop on Sustainable Development Strategies on Environment Under the direction of CEA Chairman Mr. Chandrarathne... Read more
One Day Workshop for Public Librarians of the Western Province To enhance the environmental conservation message among... Read more
Workshop on Systematic Execution of Action Plan The “Action Plan” serves as a useful strategic tool to... Read more